Otaku online dating
The usage of the word is a source of contention among some fans, owing to its negative connotations and stereotyping of the fandom.
Widespread English exposure to the term came in 1988 with the release of Gunbuster, which referred to anime fans as otaku.
Otaku may be used as a pejorative; its negativity stems from the stereotypical view of otaku and the media's reporting on Tsutomu Miyazaki, "The Otaku Murderer", in 1989.
According to studies published in 2013, the term has become less negative, and an increasing number of people now self-identify as otaku.
Those unable to succeed socially focused instead on their interests, often into adulthood, with their lifestyle centering on those interests, furthering the creation of the otaku subculture.
These individuals were drawn to anime, a counter-culture, with the release of hard science fiction works such as Mobile Suit Gundam.
It is typically used to refer to a fan of anime/manga but can also refer to Japanese video games or Japanese culture in general.
Supposedly, some fans used it past the point in their relationships where others would have moved on to a less formal style.
However, a different claim points to a 1981 Variety magazine essay.
Miyazaki, who randomly chose and murdered four girls, had a collection of 5,763 video tapes, some containing anime and slasher films that were found interspersed with videos and pictures of his victims.
These works allowed a congregation and development of obsessive interests that turned anime into a medium for unpopular students, catering to obsessed fans.
After these fans discovered Comic Market, the term was used as a self-confirming and self-mocking collective identity.